Premature birth-causes and preventions west virginia university human development 201 premature birth abstract premature birth the birth of a child is truly a miracle from the moment most parents find out they have been blessed with the gift of life, expectations begin. Following this, is an overview of the process literature, which delineates the difficulties faced by mothers following the birth of a premature infant and finally the attachment literature which documents the difficulties prematurely born infants have in the development of secure attachment. Babies born this early need special care in a hospital with specialist facilities for premature babies this is called a neonatal unit they may have health and development problems because they haven't fully developed in the womb. Prevention of premature birth would be better than fixing it after it happens this paper will review the reasons for premature birth and ways to prevent it medical complications and special needs for the baby along with possible problems in growth and development later in life are also covered. The mayo clinic emphasizes, however, that not all premature babies encounter medical or developmental problems by 28 to 30 weeks, the risk of serious complications is much lower and for babies born between 32 and 36 weeks, most medical problems related to premature birth are short term.
Preterm birth rates decreased from 2007 to 2014, and cdc research shows the decline in preterm births is partly due to fewer teens and young women giving birth despite this success, the preterm birth rate rose for the second straight year in 2016 , and about 1 in 10 babies (10%) was born too early in the united states. The one thing about premature babies is that they have had less time to fully develop and mature in the womb preemies are more often at an increased risk of medical and developmental problems and one of the biggest is underdeveloped lungs. Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at fewer than 37 weeks gestational age premature infants are at greater risk for cerebral palsy, delays in development, hearing problems and sight problems these risks are greater the earlier a baby is born.
The effects of premature birth on language development by allison tanner b s, southern illinois university, 2010 a research paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the. Because premature babies are born before they are physically ready to leave the womb, they often have health problems these newborns have higher rates of disabilities (such as cerebral palsy) and even deathafrican americans and native americans have the highest neonatal death rate associated with prematurity. Multiple factors can play into whether or not a baby will survive premature birth, including the baby's birth weight low birth weight is independently linked to reduced odds of survival and a higher risk of disabilities and health problems. A premature baby is one who is born too early, before 37 weeks premature babies may have more health problems and may need to stay in the hospital longer than babies born later they also may have long-term health problems that can affect their whole lives about 1 in 10 babies is born prematurely. Pneumonia – complications with premature-related respiratory problems can lead to pneumonia pneumonia is an infection in the area of the lung involved in the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen pneumonia is an infection in the area of the lung involved in the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen.
Very preterm birth (vpt 32 weeks of gestation) has been associated with an increased risk to develop cognitive and socio-emotional problems, as well as with increased vulnerability to psychiatric disorder, both with childhood and adult onset. Premature infancy premature babies, otherwise known as preterm babies, or preemies, are babies that are born earlier than the full-term of thirty-eight to forty-two weeks of pregnancy. The development of new technology and creation of nice in hospitals allows for proper and better treatment of infants born prematurely 0% of babies born at 28 weeks survive and more extreme cases or premature babies are surviving with the modern medicine advancements in hospitals. Premature babies research papers look into the numerous reasons for a premature birth of infants born before thirty-seven weeks of gestation premature babies are characterized as any infant born before thirty-seven weeks of gestation. A lack of prenatal care is often associated with an increased rate of medical complications, preterm births, low birth weight infants, fetal death, and disabilities (developmental profiles, 2012, p 74.
Disrupting the normal process of birth can cause a cascade of complications – from difficulty in latching, poor breathing, increased infection, decreased immunity, under development, failure to thrive, and a increase in sids (peaceful parenting, 2008. Premature births back in 1981 consisted of 94 percent of all births in our country in the year 2001 that rate hit 119 percent, a large 27 percent increase in twenty years due to new drugs and more sufficient neonatal intensive-care unit tiny babies are able to live outside the womb. Developmental, medical, and behavioral problems can continue through childhood some may even cause permanent disabilities common long-term problems associated with premature birth, especially.
Prematurity essay ejandmasmommy december 20, 2010 at 5:41 pm there are other complications resulting from preterm birth that are equally concerning as explained by the national heart lung blood institute, during development, the fetus has an essential heart valve between the aorta and the pulmonary artery, the ductus arteriosus, which. Premature birth attachment literature object relations theory the effects of prematurity on development: outcome studies of the social functioning and behavioural problems in premature children free of intellectual impairment the follow-up extended from early school age to early adolescence and children.
Premature birth is birth that happens too soon, before 37 weeks babies born this early may have more health problems or need to stay in the hospital longer than babies born later each year, about 1 in 10 babies in the united states is born prematurely. A study published in 2011 that analyzed the long-term effects of premature birth on cognitive abilities such as memory and attention span in early adulthood revealed that people who were born extremely premature performed worse on executive function tests and took longer to complete higher-order intellectual tasks. The effect of premature birth on attachment between babies and their mothers was observed in the study even though the mothers of the premature children were just as sensitive in their parenting. A child may be born with hearing loss, but baby center noted that premature babies can develop hearing loss later on in life because of their low birth weight, abnormal inner ear development, or.